عنوان مقاله [English]
Following the expansion of urbanization and the high speed of changes in urban contexts for various reasons, the quality of the residential environment in urban areas has severely degraded. Therefore, today one of the goals of urban planning is to achieve the highest quality of the urban environment and the satisfaction of citizens in different dimensions. Meanwhile, the use of housing, as the most important and main urban use, has played a decisive role in the formation of cities. Paying attention to the sustainability of the housing sector as the most important urban element in sustainable urban development is known as one of its most fundamental aspects. Today, housing, as a living space, deals with various human needs at different levels, and due to its economic nature, it is considered one of the main categories of urban and rural society. Housing is one of the most sensitive and essential sectors in economic and social development planning. Any change in one of the economic, social, or political components affects housing developments. Based on this, creating stability in housing planning in line with sustainable urban development is an important step in reducing current instabilities. In this regard, considering the role and place of strategic planning in the development of housing and improving the function of living in urban areas, the current research is trying to determine the strategies of housing development and the improvement and functionality of residence in the 7th district of Tehran.
Materials and Methods
The current research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of nature and method. The method of collecting information is based on documentary studies, library, and field methods. The data and information analysis method of the present study uses descriptive, analytical, and prescriptive statistical methods. The analysis method for data processing, ranking, and leveling of quantitative indicators and functional indicators of residence included EXCELL and GIS software, to calculate indicators and identify the target neighborhood of planning, and the analytical of the SWOT model has been used to obtain the weak and strong points and to identify the opportunities and threats of the neighborhood. The indicators used in the current research include the housing quantitative index and residential function indicators.
The results of the analysis of housing indicators and housing function in the neighborhoods of district 7 showed that the largest residential area belongs to the Shahid neighborhoods and the smallest to the Nizam-Abad and Amjadiyeh-Khaghani. The greatest shortage of residential units belongs to neighborhoods and the fewest shortage of residential units belongs to the Bahar neighborhood. The highest number of fine textiles is in Shahid neighborhood and the fewest belong to the Nilufar-Shahid Ghandi neighborhood and the fewest residential units are in Nizam-Abad neighborhood. The largest number of households is in Shahid neighborhood and the lowest number is in Amjadiyeh-Khaghani. The highest number of residential units is in Nilufar-Shahid Qandi neighborhood and the lowest number is in Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk, the highest intensity of residential use is in Shahid, Khwaja Nizam and Al-Maluk and Armenians neighborhoods, and the lowest number to Majidiyeh-Dabastan, the highest number of gross residential density in the neighborhood of Khwaja Nizam al-Maluk and Armenians, and the lowest number to Nilofar-Shahid Qandi neighborhood, the highest amount of imperviousness to the neighborhood of Khwaja Nizam al-Maluk, the highest amount of coarse texture in the neighborhood Abbas-Abad-Andisheh and the lowest amount belongs to Dehghan-Gorgan neighborhood, the highest number of unstable housing belongs to Nilofar-Shahid Qandi neighborhood and the lowest number to Bahar neighborhood, the most worn-out fabric belongs to Shahid neighborhood and the least belongs to Nilofar-Shahid Qandi neighborhood. Also, the results showed that none of the localities in the region are at a suitable level in terms of residential function indicators, except in a few cases. In relation to the urban per capita, Khawaja Nizam al-Mulk neighborhood has the highest per capita and Kaj neighborhood has the lowest urban per capita, in relation to the health services per capita, mjadiyeh-Khaghani neighborhood has the highest, and Armenian neighborhood has the lowest urban per capita, in relation to the commercial use per capita of Nilufar-Shahid neighborhood. Kandi has the highest per capita population and the Armenian neighborhood has the lowest per capita, Amjadiyeh-Khaghani neighborhood has the highest health per capita, and the Armenian neighborhood, Majidieh-Debastan, Qasr-Hashmatieh has the lowest per capita, Sohrvardi-Bagh Saba neighborhood has the highest green space per capita and Bahar neighborhood has the lowest per capita. Abbas-Abad-Andisheh neighborhood has the highest transportation and parking usage per capita and Armenian neighborhood has the lowest per capita compared to other neighborhoods. Based on this, it can be concluded that the eastern parts of the region have less urban population. The results of the ranking and stratification of the neighborhoods in terms of housing indicators and the function of the residence showed that the Armenian neighborhood is in a state of disarray.
In the current research, an attempt was made to investigate and measure the stability of housing at the neighborhood level by using quantitative indicators and the function of housing occupancy in District 7 of Tehran municipality and the Armenian neighborhood. The results of the research findings in connection with the investigation of the quantitative indicators of the housing of the Armenian neighborhood among the neighborhoods of District 7 showed that the Armenian neighborhood is at a high level in terms of residential area and ranks 3rd, in terms of residential per capita, it is ranked 9th. In terms of gross residential density, it ranks 2nd, in terms of the total number of residential units, in 3rd rank, in terms of the number of households, in 3rd rank, in terms of the intensity of residential use, in 1st rank, in terms of the lack of residential units in 11th rank, in terms of the number of residential units in Rank 4, in terms of density of people in a residential unit in rank 9, in terms of the number of fine-grained tissue in rank 2, in terms of the number of coarse-grained tissue in rank 10, in terms of the number of unstable housing in rank 3, in terms of impermeability with zero impermeability in the 12th place, it is in the 14th place in terms of the number of vacant buildings compared to other districts of District 7. Also, the results obtained from the examination of the indicators of the residential function of the districts of District 7, the Armenian neighborhood ranks 5th in terms of the urban population, 10th in terms of religion per capita, 6th in terms of green space per capita, and 14th in terms of medical services per capita. In terms of per capita education, it ranks 14th, in terms of sports, it ranks 14th, in terms of transportation and parking, it ranks 13th, in terms of business, it ranks 14th, in terms of health, it ranks 12th, and in terms of culture, it ranks 8th, compared to other localities in the District 7, it is located. The results of Electra’s multi-criteria weighting model consisting of housing and housing function indicators show that this neighborhood has a predominance (zero) with a weight of (0.111912) that unfavorable indicators related to housing function such as religious use, sports, transportation, parking, green space, and commercial use, which has an abysmal rating, as well as the instability of housing, the impermeability of the residential fabric, and severe wear and tear in this neighborhood have caused it.